« Energy efficiency is the fourth energy resource »
« Consume less and better »
The National Energy Strategy adopted in 2009 considers energy efficiency as a national priority aimed at achieving 12% energy savings by 2020 and 15% in 2030.
To achieve this goal, the Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment has implemented programs, legislative and regulatory reforms to introduce energy efficiency techniques at the key sectors of the national economy.
Energy efficiency programs
The times GMT + 1 applies in Morocco since 2008 during the summer to improve the power reserve margin during peak hours.
This institutional measure was adopted by Decree No. 21 781-13-2 , Dou Al Kiada 1434 (28 September 2013) setting the period of this schedule which runs from April to October each year with the exception of the month of Ramadan.
In 2014, the potential gains reached 92 MW and the total energy savings of 29.5 GWh , thus avoiding CO2 emissions of around 27 658 tonnes.
National Program of low consumption lamps (LBC)
After installing 6 million low consumption lamps, the distribution of 9 million lamps more efficient is underway and will be partially fund by the German Cooperation.
In terms of impact, the gains during peak due to the distribution of 5,000,000 LBC, was estimated at 182 MW, or about 3.3% of the national peak load and energy savings reached 450 GWh.
Energy efficiency in mosques
The energy upgrade program who aimed 15,000 mosques, is part of the signed agreement between the Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment, the Ministry of Habous and Islamic Affairs, the Energy Investment Company (SIE) and the National Agency for the Development of renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency.
This program has double objectives: awareness of energy efficiency techniques to citizens and reducing the energy consumption of mosques by the introduction of efficient lighting, solar water heaters, thermal management in the mosque and the use of photovoltaic solutions for electricity production.
The achievements were:
• Energy efficiency in street lighting
In the field of public lighting, measures and actions were initiated to install equipment to achieve energy savings (LED lamps, stabilizers ..).
After the completion of a pilot public lighting powered by solar energy in the region of Fez, the year 2015 saw the establishment of the first Local Development Corporation (SDL) in Salé in the model of framework of Public Private Partnership (PPP) for the management of lighting.
The missions of the SDL Salé through the PPP model include:
The success of this model will be generalized to other Moroccan cities.
Regionalization program « Jiha-Tinou »
The regional approach program (Jiha-Tinou) is for the first phase (2012-2014) the development of renewable energy programs and the strengthening of energy efficiency in pilot municipalities of Agadir, Oujda & Chefchaouen.
The program has supported the creation of local structures of energy governance, including support for elected officials, municipal executives and technical staff for the implementation of a communal energy planning and the implementation of 17 demonstration projects.
The main achievements concerned the following actions:
The second phase (2015-2017) will, from a Call for application, strengthen and formalize the partnership between the City, the Province, the Region and the State, as well as with private sector organizations, academic and voluntary, which form local support structures JihaTinou. This phase should also allow the accession process JihaTinou at least 7 new cities.
As a complement to Jiha Tinou, the "Green Cities" project, which aims to strengthen the methodological and technical skills needed for sustainable urban development in the cities of Morocco "is being prepared in the framework of cooperation with GIZ. This project aims to:
The following communes were shortlisted: Agadir, Beni Mellal, Benslimane, Chefchaouen, Oujda, Ouarzazate, Rabat, Marrakech and Tetouan.
Eco neighborhood Project in Ouarzazate
Achieving Eco- neighborhood pilot project at the city of Ouarzazate, which is part of cooperation with GIZ. It aims to integrate energy efficiency and renewable energy measures at the time of renovation of the infrastructure. This program aims to:
The project development axes based on selection, implementation of energy diagnosis of the neighborhood with the identification of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy solutions and capacity building.
A prospecting mission for identification of the district, was completed in June 2015 and allowed the definition of the selection criteria of the eco-district concerning representativeness, social diversity, types of buildings, green spaces, Cultural Heritage, the potential for energy saving and the existence of local associations and motivation.
In this context, contacts were hold with local stakeholders to identify:
The choice of the area, which is to be validated by stakeholders, is conditioned by a good illustration of sustainable energy management practices by local resident. It will also allow a great radiation of the project at local, regional and national level.