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Use of nuclear techniques in Morocco
In Morocco, the nuclear techniques are used mainly in the following sectors:
Morocco's first nuclear installation was established around the nuclear research reactor Triga Mark II and associated laboratories, carried out by the National Centre for Energy, Science and Nuclear Techniques (CNESTEN) based at the Center for Nuclear Studies (CEN) at the Maâmora site. The CEN authorization process was conducted by the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Environment (MEME) as nuclear safety authority from 1994 to 25 October 2016.
The safety and security of radioactive materials including nuclear materials, has become a major concern in all countries. The international references invite all countries to take in accordance with their legal and regulatory framework, appropriate measures to ensure an effective independence between the regulator and control functions and the use and promotion functions.
Thus, in Morocco the upgrade of legislative framework was made by the enactment of the Law number 142.12 on nuclear and radiation security and safety and the creation of the Moroccan Agency for nuclear and radiation safety and security (AMSSNuR) and the law number 12.02 on nuclear liability in case of nuclear damage. The MEME accompanied the effective creation of AMSSNuR.