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General information on mining in the Morocco
Sub-section 1: general information on the national mining sector:
Mining in the Morocco is an essential component in the economic and social development of the Kingdom. It plays an important role in the national economy. This importance is perceptible through its share in the gross domestic product, which was close to 10% in 2017, in exports from the country (almost 80% in volume and 20% in value) as well as through the number of direct and indirect jobs created (41 000 positions in 2017). The sector also has a beneficial impact on regional and local development and allows the opening up of regions that are often difficult to access by the construction of tracks and roads without forgetting its effects of training to the level other sectors such as the sector of transport (road, rail and maritime) and the electric energy.
Indeed, Morocco has 73% of the world phosphate reserves and ranks first in Africa and worldwide for the production of several substances, namely: silver, zinc, lead, barite, etc.
Sub-section 2: large mining projects under development by the mining companies:
Mining research and exploratio
Research workd conducted on 43 objectives located in the most promising areas of the country.
The work specific to ONHYM involved 31 goals, namely:
Work in partnership, on the other hand, involved 12 goals, which:
The phosphate industry
At the international level, the year 2017 has been characterized by the persistence of the situation of oversupply on the market of fertilizersa, and despite a global context marked by the decline of phosphates and derivatives in the same year, the OCP S.A. Group achieved good performance with an increase in its turnover from 42.4 billion Moroccan Dirhams in 2016 to 48.5 billion Moroccan Dirhams in 2017.
The breakdown of this figure per product refers to the predominance of sales abroad of the fertilizer with a 54% share, followed by those of the rock (21%), and a 15% share for those of phosphoric acid. Moreover, the distribution of the turnover per region shows a strong presence of the Group in all areas of the world with a rise of Africa which monopolizes now a share of 27%, followed by Europe (22%), (16 North America (%), Latin America (16%), India (9%) and the Middle East (6%).
These performances are the result of the Group's proactive strategy consisting in a significant increase of its production capacity while reducing costs, under the effect of a large investment program which has mobilized during its first 2008-2017Phase an investment of 75 billion Dirhams, including 50 billion Dirhams for the benefit of local businesses.
This first phase has made it possible to increase the Group's fertilizer production capacity to 12 million tonnes in 2017 instead of 4 million tons in 2007 and its phosphate export capacity to more than 18 million tonnes.
The OCP S.A. Group has recently adopted the second phase of this program of investment for the 2018-2028 period, which provides for the mobilisation of 100 billion Dirhams (10 billion per year) and which will affect, mainly three areas, namely: axis Center (Youssoufia-Benguerir-Safi), the South axis (Laayoune), and Africa (Ethiopia and Nigeria mainly).
The main projects carried out in 2017 involved:
Morocco has put in place, in 2013, a strategy for the mining sector, not including phosphates. Based on a thorough diagnosis of the mining sector, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses as well as the opportunities and threats the country is facing, the new mining policy aims, by 2025,:
The strategy also provides for the implementation of several transformational pillars affecting the entire chain of mining, exploration, research, exploitation, development and processing of ores.As part of the implementation of this strategy, several projects are currently open and involve: